Element

table

Error Type

Potential

Guidelines

  • WCAG 2.0 (Level A)
    Guideline Group1.3 Ensure that information and structure can be separated from presentation
    Guideline SubgroupSuccess Criteria 1.3.1 Info and Relationships (A)
  • WCAG 2.0 (Level AA)
    Guideline Group1.3 Adaptable: Create content that can be presented in different ways (for example simpler layout) without losing information or structure.
    Guideline SubgroupSuccess Criteria 1.3.1 Info and Relationships (A)
  • WCAG 2.0 (Level AAA)
    Guideline Group1.3 Adaptable: Create content that can be presented in different ways without losing information or structure.
    Guideline SubgroupSuccess Criteria 1.3.1 Info and Relationships (A)

Requirement

All data tables contain a caption unless the table is identified within the document.

Error

Data table may require a caption.

Short Description

Tables must be identified by a caption unless they are identified within the document.

How To Determine

Question Is this table identified within the document and does not require a caption?
PASS Table is identified within the document and does not require a caption.
FAIL Table is not identified within the document and requires a caption.

Steps To Check

Procedure

1. Check all data tables in the document.
2. Check for the presence of a caption.
3. Check the document to see if the table is identified.
4. Note: The table identification should be close to (immediately precede) the table.

Expected Result

1. All data tables contain a caption unless the table is identified within the document.

Failed Result

1. Add a valid caption element to the table or identify the table within the document.

Examples

Pass Examples

Data table with a caption that describes the nature of the table.
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Strict//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-strict.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xml:lang="en" lang="en">
<head>
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/xhtml; charset=UTF-8" />
<title>ATRC Testfile - Check #151.2 - Negative</title>
</head>
<body>

<table border="1"><caption>Coffee Consumed By Senators</caption>
<tr><th>name</th><th>number of cups</th><th>type</th><th>with sugar</th></tr>
<tr><td>Adams, Willie</td><td>2</td><td>regular</td><td>sugar</td></tr>
<tr><td>Bacon, Lise</td><td>4</td><td>regular</td><td>no sugar</td></tr>
<tr><td>Chaput, Maria</td><td>1</td><td>decaf</td><td>sugar</td></tr>
<tr><td>Di Nino, Consiglio</td><td>0</td><td>not applicable</td><td>not applicable</td></tr>
<tr><td>Eggleton, Art</td><td>6</td><td>regular</td><td>no sugar</td></tr>
</table>

</body>
</html>

Fail Examples

Data table without a caption is not identified within the document.
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Strict//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-strict.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xml:lang="en" lang="en">
<head>
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/xhtml; charset=UTF-8" />
<title>ATRC Testfile - Check #151.1 - Positive</title>
</head>
<body>

<table border="1">
<tr><th>name</th><th>number of cups</th><th>type</th><th>with sugar</th></tr>
<tr><td>Adams, Willie</td><td>2</td><td>regular</td><td>sugar</td></tr>
<tr><td>Bacon, Lise</td><td>4</td><td>regular</td><td>no sugar</td></tr>
<tr><td>Chaput, Maria</td><td>1</td><td>decaf</td><td>sugar</td></tr>
<tr><td>Di Nino, Consiglio</td><td>0</td><td>not applicable</td><td>not applicable</td></tr>
<tr><td>Eggleton, Art</td><td>6</td><td>regular</td><td>no sugar</td></tr>
</table>

</body>
</html>

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