Element

a

Error Type

Likely

Guidelines

  • BITV 1.0 (Level 2)
    Guideline GroupLevel 1
    Guideline Subgroup1.1 Provide a text equivalent for every non-text element.
  • New Guideline
  • Section 508
    Guideline GroupB - multimedia equivalents synchronized
  • Stanca Act
    Guideline GroupRequirement 18: Synchronized Text Equivalents For Multimedia
  • WCAG 1.0 (Level A)
    Guideline GroupPriority 1
    Guideline Subgroup1.1 Provide a text equivalent for every non-text element.
  • WCAG 1.0 (Level AA)
    Guideline GroupPriority 1
    Guideline Subgroup1.1 Provide a text equivalent for every non-text element.
  • WCAG 1.0 (Level AAA)
    Guideline GroupPriority 1
    Guideline Subgroup1.1 Provide a text equivalent for every non-text element.
  • WCAG 2.0 (Level A)
    Guideline Group1.2 Provide synchronized alternatives for multimedia
    Guideline SubgroupSuccess Criteria 1.2.1 Audio-only and Video-only (Prerecorded) (A)
  • WCAG 2.0 (Level AA)
    Guideline Group1.2 Time-based Media: Provide alternatives for time-based media.
    Guideline SubgroupSuccess Criteria 1.2.1 Audio-only and Video-only (Prerecorded) (A)
  • WCAG 2.0 (Level AAA)
    Guideline Group1.2 Time-based Media: Provide alternatives for time-based media
    Guideline SubgroupSuccess Criteria 1.2.1 Audio-only and Video-only (Prerecorded) (A)
  • WCAG SRWSD

Requirement

Links to multimedia require a text transcript.

Error

Link to multimedia may be missing a text transcript.

Short Description

a (anchor) element must not contain an href attribute value that ends with (case insensitive): .wmv, .mpg, .mov, .ram, .aif.

How To Determine

Question Is there a text transcript associated with this link to a multimedia file?
PASS Link to multimedia file has an associated text transcript.
FAIL Link to multimedia file does not have an associate text transcript.

Steps To Check

Procedure

1. Check each a (anchor) element that contains an href attribute value that ends
with a multi-media file extension.
2. Sound file extensions are: (all case insensitive): .wmv, .mpg, .mov, .ram, .aif
3. View the document text.

Expected Result

1. The multi-media file is expected to have an associated text transcript or does not require it.

Failed Result

1. Create a text transcript of the multi-media file and include it within the document or link to it.

Examples

Pass Examples

No link to multimedia file
<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN""http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd">
<html lang="en">
<head>
<title>OAC Testfile - Check #20 - Negative</title>
</head>
<body>
<p>
</p></body>
</html>

Fail Examples

Link to multimedia file (.wav) without a text transcript.
<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN""http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd">
<html lang="en">
<head>
<title>OAC Testfile - Check #20 - Positive</title>
</head>
<body>
<p>
View <a href="movie.wmv">the movie</a>.
</p></body>
</html>

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