Element

title

Error Type

Potential

Guidelines

  • BITV 1.0 (Level 2)
    Guideline GroupLevel 1
    Guideline Subgroup13.2 Provide metadata to add semantic information to pages and sites.
  • WCAG 1.0 (Level AA)
    Guideline GroupPriority 2
    Guideline Subgroup13.2 Provide metadata to add semantic information to pages and sites.
  • WCAG 1.0 (Level AAA)
    Guideline GroupPriority 2
    Guideline Subgroup13.2 Provide metadata to add semantic information to pages and sites.
  • WCAG 2.0 (Level A)
    Guideline Group2.4 Navigable: Provide ways to help users navigate, find content, and determine where they are.
    Guideline SubgroupSuccess Criteria 2.4.2 Page Titled (A)
  • WCAG 2.0 (Level AA)
    Guideline Group2.4 Navigable: Provide ways to help users navigate, find content, and determine where they are.
    Guideline SubgroupSuccess Criteria 2.4.2 Page Titled (A)
  • WCAG 2.0 (Level AAA)
    Guideline Group2.4 Navigable: Provide ways to help users navigate, find content, and determine where they are.
    Guideline SubgroupSuccess Criteria 2.4.2 Page Titled (A)

Requirement

title describes the document.

Error

title might not describe the document.

Short Description

This error is generated for each title element.

Rationale

All contents, including individual frames in a frameset, should have a title element that defines, in a simple phrase, the purpose of the content.

How To Determine

Question Does this title describe the document?
PASS title describes the document.
FAIL title does not describe the document.

Steps To Check

Procedure

1. View the text that is contained by the title element.
2. View the document.

Expected Result

1. title describes the document.

Failed Result

1. Change the title text so it describes the document.

Examples

Pass Examples

title describes the document
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Strict//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-strict.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xml:lang="en" lang="en">
<head>
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/xhtml; charset=UTF-8" />
<title>The History Of Birds</title>
</head>
<body>
<h1>History Of Birds</h1>
<p>This document contains the history of Birds.
The title of the document is appropriate.</p>
</body>
</html>

Fail Examples

title does not describe the document
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Strict//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-strict.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xml:lang="en" lang="en">
<head>
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/xhtml; charset=UTF-8" />
<title>New Page</title>
</head>
<body>
<h1>History Of Birds</h1>
<p>This document contains a history of birds.
The title of this document does not describe the contents of this document.</p>
</body>
</html>

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