Element

select

Error Type

Known

Guidelines

  • BITV 1.0 (Level 2)
    Guideline GroupLevel 1
    Guideline Subgroup12.4 Associate labels explicitly with their controls.
  • Section 508
    Guideline GroupN - accessible forms
  • WCAG 1.0 (Level AA)
    Guideline GroupPriority 2
    Guideline Subgroup12.4 Associate labels explicitly with their controls.
  • WCAG 1.0 (Level AAA)
    Guideline GroupPriority 2
    Guideline Subgroup12.4 Associate labels explicitly with their controls.
  • WCAG 2.0 (Level A)
    Guideline Group1.3 Ensure that information and structure can be separated from presentation
    Guideline SubgroupSuccess Criteria 1.3.1 Info and Relationships (A)
  • WCAG 2.0 (Level AA)
    Guideline Group1.3 Adaptable: Create content that can be presented in different ways (for example simpler layout) without losing information or structure.
    Guideline SubgroupSuccess Criteria 1.3.1 Info and Relationships (A)
  • WCAG 2.0 (Level AAA)
    Guideline Group1.3 Adaptable: Create content that can be presented in different ways without losing information or structure.
    Guideline SubgroupSuccess Criteria 1.3.1 Info and Relationships (A)
  • WCAG SRWSD

Requirement

All select elements have an explicitly associated label.

Error

select element missing an associated label.

Short Description

select element must have an associated label element. A label element is associated with the select element if the for attribute value of the label is the same as the id attribute of the select element.

How To Repair

Add a label element that surrounds the control's label. Set the for attribute on the label element to the same value as the id attribute of the control. And/or add a title attribute to the input element. And/or create a label element that contains the input element.

Steps To Check

Procedure

1. Check all select elements in the content.
2. The select element must have an explicitly associated label using one or more of the following methods.
3. The select element has an id attribute value that matches the for attribute value of a label element.
4. and/or
5. The select element has a title attribute.
6. or
7. The select element is contained by a label element.

Expected Result

1. All select elements have an explicitly associated label.

Failed Result

1. Create a label element for the select element and associate these elements using the ID and for attributes.
2. and/or
3. Add a title attribute to the select element.
4. and/or
5. Add a label element that contains the select element.

Examples

Pass Examples

select element has an associated label using label element.
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Strict//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-strict.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xml:lang="en" lang="en">
<head>
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/xhtml; charset=UTF-8" />
<title>ATRC Testfile 91.2 - Negative</title>
</head>
<body>
<form method="post" action="http://www.test.com">
<p>
<label for="animal">Animal:</label>
<select name="abcselect" id="animal">
<option value="1">dog</option>
<option value="2">cat</option>
<option value="3">bird</option>
</select>
</p>
</form>
</body>
</html>

Fail Examples

select element does not have associated label.
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Strict//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-strict.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xml:lang="en" lang="en">
<head>
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/xhtml; charset=UTF-8" />
<title>ATRC Testfile 91.1 - Positive</title>
</head>
<body>
<form method="post" action="http://www.test.com">
<p>
<label>Animal:</label>
<select name="abcselect" id="animal">
<option value="1">dog</option>
<option value="2">cat</option>
<option value="3">bird</option>
</select>
</p>
</form>
</body>
</html>

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